Film on Egyptian Jews banned

I know that Israel bans a lot of Palestinian stuff, movies included but still…

 

Let my people be shown: Film on Egyptian Jews should not be banned – Opinion – Israel News | Haaretz Daily Newspaper.

Let my people be shown: Film on Egyptian Jews should not be banned

Egyptian authorities suspended the screening of a documentary on Egypt’s Jewish community. This damages the push-back against strong anti-Jewish sentiment gripping the country, while failing to remind Egyptians of a past era of diversity and tolerance. By Mar.24, 2013 | 3:36 PM 

Cairo synagogue

A vibrant Jewish community: Renovation works at the Moses Ben Maimon Synagogue in the neighborhood of Old Cairo. Photo by AP

The Jews of Egypt, the ‘reel’ history of Egypt’s Jewish minority, was due to be screened in Egyptian cinemas last week, after the documentary had successfully featured in a number of domestic and international festivals.

Sadly, however, it looks like this might not happen after all. Even though Jews of Egypt had received the necessary green light from the censor (and had even been viewed by the Minister of Culture as recently as December 2012), national security stepped in at the last moment and called off the release. Whether or not the film has actually been banned remains unclear.

As someone who is keenly interested not only in the Arab-Israeli conflict, but also its human ramifications and implications, I had been looking forward with anticipation to the opportunity to see this much-awaited and ground-breaking documentary upon my next visit to Egypt. In fact, so keen was I to view this documentary, and to meet its maker, that I travelled especially to Rotterdam a couple of months ago, but through some misunderstanding, director Amir Ramses did not manage to make the rendezvous.

“I was very enthusiastic for the commercial release,” a jet-lagged Ramses told me from Cairo, shortly after getting off the plane from New York. “I thought that three years of work might finally be worth something and that the message I wanted to transmit was going to reach audiences on a larger scale.”

And the film’s message? Through a mix of personal testimonies from Egyptian Jews in exile, statements from historians specialising in the era and archive footage, Ramses sought to shed light on a largely forgotten chapter of Egyptian history. He wanted to show that once upon a time Jews were an integral part of Egypt’s cosmopolitan social fabric and felt just as Egyptian as their Muslim and Christian compatriots.

In my view, this message is an incredibly important and relevant one. Decades of animosity and conflict have to the redacting by both sides of the inconvenient chapters in which Arabs and Jews coexisted largely peacefully, leaving the impression that, in Orwell’s words, “Oceania had always been at war with Eurasia”.

Though I have personally been aware for years of the kaleidoscope of Egypt’s Jewish past, “The Jews of Egypt” was a golden opportunity to reacquaint a new generation of Egyptian audiences, beyond older people and a narrow intellectual elite, with this suppressed aspect of the nation’s identity.

In addition, the documentary represents some much-overdue recognition of the historical wrong committed against Egyptian Jews. Caught as they were in the crossfire of the Arab-Israeli conflict, between the rock of pan-Arabism and the hard place of Zionism, the Jews of Egypt first became ostracised and then were unfairly expelled or pressured out of their homeland.

An Egyptian Jew I know from London, who was forced out of his homeland in his teens but still maintain ties with Egypt, shares these sentiments. “The film not only showed that Jews from Egypt felt strongly towards their time in the country and are fond of their experience there, but it would also have opened the eyes of a number of people concerning a past that seems to have been obliterated from their history,” said the man who wished for personal reasons to conceal his identity.

The sudden eleventh-hour decision by the Egyptian authorities has left Ramses – who, along with producer Haitham el-Khamissi, self-financed this indie production in order to maintain its independence and to ensure it does not serve one agenda or the other – unsurprisingly miffed, bewildered and furious. Interpreting the move as a means to “terrorize freedom of expression and suppress creativity”, el-Khamissi has indicated their intention to sue all the relevant authorities.

“I expected harassment before I got my permit, but I was ready for that and prepared to discuss the film with censorship committees. But they gave me the permit and I was relieved,” Ramses reflected. “But for national security to do something that is constitutionally not their right, that was a total shock.”

But what is behind this mysterious move – the sort of cloak and dagger arbitrary authoritarianism that Egypt’s revolutionaries had hoped would become a thing of the past?

“I think it must be the usual paranoia of the Egyptian authorities towards the word ‘Jewish’,” Ramses hypothesizes, citing as an example of this, “when you say Jewish to a policeman, it’s like saying bogeyman.”

For his part, the director of the censorship committee, Abdel-Satar Fathi, who has “supported the film all along”, says he called national security for an explanation. In confirmation of Ramses’ speculation about the state’s state of paranoia, the censor was told that “the film’s title might cause public uproar”.

The Egyptian Jew from London, who is now in his 70s, finds this contemporary distrust and hostility inexplicable and surreal. “It is ironic that when there were some 80,000 Jews in Egypt there was no rampant anti-Jewish feeling as there is today when there are hardly any Jews in the country,” he poses.

In my view, the fact that there are currently probably fewer than 100 indigenous Jews left in Egypt actually makes easier the strong anti-Jewish sentiment gripping most strata of Egyptian society. Most Egyptians never come into contact with Jews, and the only Jews they are regularly exposed to, through the media and popular culture, are two-dimensional Israelis who oppress Palestinians and deny them their rights.

This anger at Israel’s excesses towards the Palestinians has been accompanied by Arab powerlessness to do much about it. Rather than admit that Arab defeat is largely a symptom of Arab weakness and disarray, there are those who exaggerate the power of their enemy, which makes some subconsciously seek solace in the anti-Semitic conspiracy theories, first floated in Czarist Russia, relating to Jewish plots for world dominance.

In contrast, when Egypt was home to a prominent, visible and diverse Jewish community, the fact that many people knew Jews personally or saw positive Jewish role models all around them not only tempered the suspicion with which majorities often view minorities but also presented a picture of surprising harmony. In fact, it would strike many as surprising today, but Egypt, particularly then-cosmopolitan Alexandria, was regarded as a safe haven, and land of opportunity, for Jews fleeing persecution elsewhere.

Jews, perhaps unsurprisingly, were prominent in business, banking and industry – establishing Egypt’s most famous department stores and helping set up its first national bank as part of economic efforts to resist British domination.

Like Hollywood, Egyptian cinema, widely known as the Hollywood of the Middle East, was at first dominated by foreigners and minorities, partly because in the early days, people from “good families” did not go into acting and partly because of the creative insight being a relative outsider affords.

Though Jews were more often involved in production and direction, some of Egypt’s best-loved stars were Jewish. One example was the singer-actress Leila Mourad, who captivated an entire generation with her ethereal voice and girl-next-door demeanor, and whose films even brought Jews and Arabs together in mandate Palestine.

Although Mourad’s diva status was second only to that of Um Kulthum and she managed to hold on to her place in people’s hearts until she died, the Arab-Israeli conflict cast a long shadow over her later career.

She took early retirement at the peak of her fame in the mid-1950s, perhaps troubled by the Syrian-led Arab boycott of her films and music, though Egypt’s revolutionary regime defended her, and she was even briefly the first “voice of the revolution”. However, as a sign of her enduring popularity, a popular Ramadan bio-soap was made about Mourad – ironically, a Syrian production – which dealt sensitively with her Jewish heritage.

Looking back from my vantage point a couple of generations down the line, the thing that has most caught my eye as my awareness of Egyptian Jewry has deepened is just how closely involved Egyptian Jews were in Egyptian nationalism and the country’s struggle for independence.

For example, the name Yaqub Sannu might not ring many bells today, but in the 19th century he was a big deal in Egypt’s nascent nationalistic movement. This Egyptian Freemason and Jew, established one of the country’s first anti-imperialist publications, The Man in the Blue Glasses.

One extremely colourful revolutionary political agitator featured in Ramses’s documentary is Henri Curiel, a son of Egypt who spoke poor Arabic and the son of a wealthy banker who became a communist revolutionary. Even after he was exiled from Egypt and stripped of his nationality, Curiel continued to feel Egyptian and supported the region’s independence struggles from his base in France, especially in Algeria. According to Jews of Egypt, Curiel warned Nasser of the impending tripartite attack by France, Britain and Israel in 1956, though the Egyptian president did not take the warning seriously.

“I was surprised the most by the passion of the Jews of Egypt even after they were expelled. They never stopped loving their country. They never lost their sense of belonging,” Amir Ramses told me. “I made this film as a tribute to that time in history when Egypt was a cosmopolitan and tolerant country.”

Although there was a lot wrong with that era and I try to resist rosy-coloured nostalgia, narrow nationalism has caused Egypt and the Middle East to fall out of love with diversity and to become less tolerant towards difference. I hope in the future the region will be able to rediscover this spirit of acceptance, and a good first step would be the public showing of “Jews of Egypt” with the Egyptian Minister of Culture in attendance.

Khaled Diab is an Egyptian-Belgian journalist, blogger and writer who has spent about half his life in the Middle East, including nearly two years in Jerusalem, and the other half in Europe. Follow him at@DiabolicalIdea

Advertisements

3 thoughts on “Film on Egyptian Jews banned

  1. Pingback: What happened to the Jews of Egypt? – By David Kenner | FP Passport | Al-Must'arib (the vocational Mossarab)

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

antropologia social i cultural

Estudis d'Arts i Humanitats UOC

El Antropólogo Principiante

Aprendiz de Antropología Social y Cultural

MENA Women's Platform

Women for social change, political engagement and peace

ExJew

Choose to not be chosen

Combat Journalist

All about Afghanistan

Ian Bach

Viewing conflicts through the eye of Counterinsurgency COIN - Since 2007

In Saner Thought

"It is the duty of every man, as far as his ability extends, to detect and expose delusion and error"..Thomas Paine

Mosul Eye

To Put Mosul on the Global Map

From Palestine With Love

A place for those touched by Palestine

Desertpeace

Towards a Just and Lasting Peace between Israel and Palestine

Attenti al Lupo

www.attentiallupo2012.com

M'Sur

Revista Mediterránea

Ayan Mukherjee

I'm a Spaniard. My blood is purely Spaniard, hence, it is a perfect mix of the best drops from Iberians, Celts, Basques, Phoenitians, Greeks, Carthaginians, Romans, Visigoths, Jews, Berbers, Arabs, and other European immigrants... That's to be a pure Spaniard. I reached this conclusion when I met some Bedu from Saudi Arabia, back in 2005 I think. She used to praise her blood purity and her tribe lineage, making me think about my own roots... while opening a door inside me, right into the unknown life of Middle Eastern human beings. She helped me awake a pride for my own heritage, but never closing doors to others. This is why I am commonly called Tono by everyone, but here I can be again Youssef Antun Bin Antun Bin Youssef Ibn Untinyan, Al-Must'arib. Same as I decided to accept the challenge, now I offer the same chance to others... Marhaban! (مرحبا. ) And... one last thing: ALL THOSE ORANGE CHARACTERS IN THE POSTS ARE LINKS. Use them. Wisely.

Mediterranya

Stories from the White Sea

THAQAFA MAGAZINE

ARAB THOUGHT / ROOTS / CULTURE

The Bully Pulpit

(n): An office or position that provides its occupant with an outstanding opportunity to speak out on any issue.

Recortes de Oriente Medio

Por Miguel Máiquez

El saber no está de más.

I'm a Spaniard. My blood is purely Spaniard, hence, it is a perfect mix of the best drops from Iberians, Celts, Basques, Phoenitians, Greeks, Carthaginians, Romans, Visigoths, Jews, Berbers, Arabs, and other European immigrants... That's to be a pure Spaniard. I reached this conclusion when I met some Bedu from Saudi Arabia, back in 2005 I think. She used to praise her blood purity and her tribe lineage, making me think about my own roots... while opening a door inside me, right into the unknown life of Middle Eastern human beings. She helped me awake a pride for my own heritage, but never closing doors to others. This is why I am commonly called Tono by everyone, but here I can be again Youssef Antun Bin Antun Bin Youssef Ibn Untinyan, Al-Must'arib. Same as I decided to accept the challenge, now I offer the same chance to others... Marhaban! (مرحبا. ) And... one last thing: ALL THOSE ORANGE CHARACTERS IN THE POSTS ARE LINKS. Use them. Wisely.

Sweden and the Middle East Views

Articles, updates & views - from another angle than in your mainstream Western media

Karl reMarks

I'm a Spaniard. My blood is purely Spaniard, hence, it is a perfect mix of the best drops from Iberians, Celts, Basques, Phoenitians, Greeks, Carthaginians, Romans, Visigoths, Jews, Berbers, Arabs, and other European immigrants... That's to be a pure Spaniard. I reached this conclusion when I met some Bedu from Saudi Arabia, back in 2005 I think. She used to praise her blood purity and her tribe lineage, making me think about my own roots... while opening a door inside me, right into the unknown life of Middle Eastern human beings. She helped me awake a pride for my own heritage, but never closing doors to others. This is why I am commonly called Tono by everyone, but here I can be again Youssef Antun Bin Antun Bin Youssef Ibn Untinyan, Al-Must'arib. Same as I decided to accept the challenge, now I offer the same chance to others... Marhaban! (مرحبا. ) And... one last thing: ALL THOSE ORANGE CHARACTERS IN THE POSTS ARE LINKS. Use them. Wisely.

The Accidental Theologist

Just another WordPress.com weblog

Levant woman

From Syria.. My thoughts out loud

World

International Headlines, Stories, Photos and Video

Stephen Liddell

Musings on a mad world

The Seeker's Dungeon

Troubling the Surf with the Ocean

American Bedu

Experiences and observations of a former American diplomat now married to a Saudi and living in KSA...

Nervana

From the Middle East to the British Isles

NotGD

I'm a Spaniard. My blood is purely Spaniard, hence, it is a perfect mix of the best drops from Iberians, Celts, Basques, Phoenitians, Greeks, Carthaginians, Romans, Visigoths, Jews, Berbers, Arabs, and other European immigrants... That's to be a pure Spaniard. I reached this conclusion when I met some Bedu from Saudi Arabia, back in 2005 I think. She used to praise her blood purity and her tribe lineage, making me think about my own roots... while opening a door inside me, right into the unknown life of Middle Eastern human beings. She helped me awake a pride for my own heritage, but never closing doors to others. This is why I am commonly called Tono by everyone, but here I can be again Youssef Antun Bin Antun Bin Youssef Ibn Untinyan, Al-Must'arib. Same as I decided to accept the challenge, now I offer the same chance to others... Marhaban! (مرحبا. ) And... one last thing: ALL THOSE ORANGE CHARACTERS IN THE POSTS ARE LINKS. Use them. Wisely.

TAMADOR ALYAMI تماضر اليامي

Here I make time for the voices inside my head..

MidEastPosts.com

Middle East Politics, Society, Economy and People of the Arab World

Blue Abaya

I'm a Spaniard. My blood is purely Spaniard, hence, it is a perfect mix of the best drops from Iberians, Celts, Basques, Phoenitians, Greeks, Carthaginians, Romans, Visigoths, Jews, Berbers, Arabs, and other European immigrants... That's to be a pure Spaniard. I reached this conclusion when I met some Bedu from Saudi Arabia, back in 2005 I think. She used to praise her blood purity and her tribe lineage, making me think about my own roots... while opening a door inside me, right into the unknown life of Middle Eastern human beings. She helped me awake a pride for my own heritage, but never closing doors to others. This is why I am commonly called Tono by everyone, but here I can be again Youssef Antun Bin Antun Bin Youssef Ibn Untinyan, Al-Must'arib. Same as I decided to accept the challenge, now I offer the same chance to others... Marhaban! (مرحبا. ) And... one last thing: ALL THOSE ORANGE CHARACTERS IN THE POSTS ARE LINKS. Use them. Wisely.

Omaima Al Najjar

Saudi Woman SpeaksOut

Global Voices

I'm a Spaniard. My blood is purely Spaniard, hence, it is a perfect mix of the best drops from Iberians, Celts, Basques, Phoenitians, Greeks, Carthaginians, Romans, Visigoths, Jews, Berbers, Arabs, and other European immigrants... That's to be a pure Spaniard. I reached this conclusion when I met some Bedu from Saudi Arabia, back in 2005 I think. She used to praise her blood purity and her tribe lineage, making me think about my own roots... while opening a door inside me, right into the unknown life of Middle Eastern human beings. She helped me awake a pride for my own heritage, but never closing doors to others. This is why I am commonly called Tono by everyone, but here I can be again Youssef Antun Bin Antun Bin Youssef Ibn Untinyan, Al-Must'arib. Same as I decided to accept the challenge, now I offer the same chance to others... Marhaban! (مرحبا. ) And... one last thing: ALL THOSE ORANGE CHARACTERS IN THE POSTS ARE LINKS. Use them. Wisely.

%d bloggers like this: